Developing and sustaining foundational language skills: listening, speaking, discussion, and thinking--oral language. The student develops oral language through listening, speaking, and discussion. The student is expected to:
- (1) Author's purpose and craft: listening, speaking, reading, writing, and thinking using multiple texts. The student uses critical inquiry to analyze the authors' choices and how they influence and communicate meaning within a variety of texts. The student analyzes and applies author's craft purposefully in order to develop his or her own products and performances. The student is expected to:
- (2) explain the author's purpose and message within a
- (A) analyze how the use of text structure contributes to the author's purpose;
- (B) analyze the author's use of print and graphic features to achieve specific purposes;
- (C) describe how the author's use of imagery, literal and figurative language such as simile and metaphor, and sound devices achieves specific purposes;
- (D) identify and understand the use of literary devices, including first- or third-person point of view;
- (E) examine how the author's use of language contributes to voice; and
- (F) explain the purpose of hyperbole, stereotyping, and anecdote.
- (G) Composition: listening, speaking, reading, writing, and thinking using multiple texts--writing process. The student uses the writing process recursively to compose multiple texts that are legible and uses appropriate conventions. The student is expected to:
- (3) plan a first draft by selecting a genre for a
particular topic, purpose, and audience using a range of strategies such as
brainstorming, freewriting, and mapping;
- (A) develop drafts into a focused, structured, and coherent piece of writing by:
- (B) organizing with purposeful structure, including an
introduction, transitions, and a conclusion; and
- (i) developing an engaging idea reflecting depth of thought with specific facts and details;
- (ii) revise drafts to improve sentence structure and word choice by adding, deleting, combining, and rearranging ideas for coherence and clarity;
- (C) edit drafts using standard English conventions, including:
- (D) complete simple and compound sentences with subject-verb
agreement and avoidance of splices, run-ons, and fragments;
- (i) past tense of irregular verbs;
- (ii) collective nouns;
- (iii) adjectives, including their comparative and superlative forms;
- (iv) capitalization of abbreviations, initials, acronyms, and organizations;
- (v) conjunctive adverbs;
- (vi) prepositions and prepositional phrases and their influence on subject-verb agreement;
- (vii) pronouns, including indefinite;
- (viii) subordinating conjunctions to form complex sentences;
- (ix) punctuation marks, including commas in compound and complex sentences, quotation marks in dialogue, and italics and underlining for titles and emphasis; and
- (x) correct spelling of words with grade-appropriate orthographic patterns and rules and high-frequency words; and
- (xi) publish written work for appropriate audiences.
- (E) Composition: listening, speaking, reading, writing, and thinking using multiple texts--genres. The student uses genre characteristics and craft to compose multiple texts that are meaningful. The student is expected to:
- (4) compose literary texts such as personal
narratives, fiction, and poetry using genre
characteristics and craft;
- (A) compose informational texts, including brief compositions that convey information about a topic, using a clear central idea and genre characteristics and craft;
- (B) compose argumentative texts, including opinion essays, using genre characteristics and craft; and
- (C) compose correspondence that requests information.
- (D) Inquiry and research: listening, speaking, reading, writing, and thinking using multiple texts. The student engages in both short-term and sustained recursive inquiry processes for a variety of purposes. The student is expected to:
- (5) generate and clarify questions on a topic for
formal and informal inquiry;
- (A) develop and follow a research plan with adult assistance;
- (B) identify and gather relevant information from a variety of sources;
- (C) understand credibility of primary and secondary sources;
- (D) demonstrate understanding of information gathered;
- (E) differentiate between paraphrasing and plagiarism when using source materials;
- (F) develop a bibliography; and
- (G) use an appropriate mode of delivery, whether written, oral, or multimodal, to present results.
- (H) listen actively to interpret verbal and non-verbal messages, ask relevant questions, and make pertinent comments;
- (I) follow, restate, and give oral instructions that include multiple action steps;
- (J) give an organized presentation employing eye contact, speaking rate, volume, enunciation, natural gestures, and conventions of language to communicate ideas effectively; and
- (K) work collaboratively with others to develop a plan of shared responsibilities.
Getting to Know You T-Shirt
Start the school year off with a bang with this getting-to-know-you activity.
Is It True? Listening Activity
Practice your students' listening skills with this listening activity.
Color Me Carefully Game
Practice your students' listening and speaking skills with a fun coloring activity.
Persuasive Speech Writing Task
A persuasive writing task based on real-world issues affecting children.
G.R.O.U.P.S - Group Work Expectations Poster
Encourage cooperative behavior during group work activities with a printable group work mnemonic poster.
Color Me Carefully – Geometric Animals
Hone in on your students' speaking and listening skills with this barrier activity.
Oral Presentation Assessment Rubric
A rubric designed to help teachers to assess students' oral presentations.
Getting to Know You Biography Template
A must have back to school activity for upper year students.
Group Work Role Cards
Review and reinforce eight possible roles for group work with this set of 2-in-1 reusable posters and desk cards.
Kick off a new school year with a getting-to-know-you icebreaker game!
One Word Story Active Game
A whole class active game that encourages creative thinking and teamwork.
Getting to Know My Classmates – QR Code Template
Use QR codes to get to know your new classmates at the start of a new school year.
Interview a Classmate
Help your students learn more about their new classmates with this fun speaking and listening activity!
Sensory Chart Graphic Organizer
A graphic organizer for students to use when categorizing sensory details.
Student-Led Discussion Strategies Poster Pack
Describe student-led discussion strategies with this set of 8 posters.
'I Can' Statements - Speaking and Listening (Upper Elementary)
A set of 11 'I can' statement cards focusing on speaking and listening for upper elementary.
Talking About Books - Prompts
Prompts for students to use when orally discussing books.
A Comparison of Daily Life - Assessment Task
An open-ended assessment task for students to demonstrate their understanding of how toys, types of transportation, and communication devices and their uses have changed over time.
Directed Drawing - How to Draw a Piece of Cake
Use this directed drawing activity of a piece of cake to help students develop their listening skills in the classroom.
Directed Drawing Activity - How to Draw a Clown
Teach students how to draw a clown with a fun directed drawing activity created by teachers.
Public Speaking Tips - Poster
A poster to use when teaching your students about public speaking.
Writing a Speech Poster
A poster highlighting the main parts to a speech.
Goal Labels - Speaking and Listening (Upper Elementary)
Eleven speaking and listening goal labels for upper elementary.
Thinking Hats for Effective Group Work
Thinking Hats based on Dr. Edward de Bono's teachings.
Question Starter Display
A classroom display to encourage questioning in the classroom.
Explore appropriate and inappropriate behaviors at the beginning of a new school year with a fun charade activity.
Find Four Icebreaker Activity
A fun icebreaker activity to use at the beginning of a new school year.
Speaking Skills for Oral Presentations Poster
A poster that explains the skills students need for a great oral presentation!
Team Building Games – Upper Grades
Encourage communication and cooperation with this set of 10 team-building games.
A set of 10 picture puzzles to use as a team-building activity.
The Oregon Trail Board Game
Engage and excite your students to learn about traveling on the Oregon Trail with an eventful board game!
Directed Drawing Activity - How to Draw a Spider
Teach students how to draw a spider with a fun directed drawing activity for elementary students.