# 2D Shapes Teaching Resources

Bring dimension to 2D shapes for primary students with printable worksheets, digital activities, maths games and more — created by teachers for teachers!

This comprehensive collection of teaching resources includes editable lessons on two-dimensional shapes, aligned to the Australian curriculum and ready to be printed and used in the classroom. Explore the entire collection to find educational games, geometric activities, posters and vocabulary word wall cards to assist your students when they are learning to identify 2D figures by their names and their attributes.

Teaching this part of the maths curriculum for the first time in a while? Read on for a primer from the teachers on the Teach Starter team.

## What Are 2D Shapes?

Two-dimensional shapes, or 2D shapes, are shapes that have only length and width, but no depth. Each of these geometric shapes has its own unique characteristics and properties, such as the number of sides, the types of angles and the relationship between the sides and angles.

For example, a square has four equal sides and four right angles, while a circle has no sides and no angles.

Teaching about 2D geometric shapes is crucial in those early years classrooms as these are the building blocks of more complex geometric concepts. Understanding them is an important foundation for developing spatial reasoning skills. It will also lay the groundwork for learning about symmetry, angles and perimeter and area, among other geometry and measurement concepts.

## 2D Shapes — A Kid-Friendly Definition

Looking to provide a simple definition for your primary students? Here's a kid-friendly definition you can use:

A 2D shape is a flat shape that has only two dimensions — length and width. When something is two-dimensional, it's flat like a drawing or a picture on a piece of paper.

Understanding 2D shapes is important because it helps us recognise and describe the shapes we see around us, and it can also help us with math and other subjects.

## 2D Shape Examples

A definition is a good start, but providing concrete examples will help students begin to wrap their heads around these two dimensional-objects!

Let's look at some of the common examples of 2D shapes that we teach in the early years:

### Square

A square is a 2D shape with four straight sides that are all equal in length and four right angles. It is a type of rectangle and a type of parallelogram.

### Rectangle

A rectangle is a 2-dimensional shape that has four straight sides. Unlike a square, a rectangle has two sides that are longer than the other two. It has four right angles and opposite sides that are parallel and equal in length.

### Parallelogram

Like a rectangle and square, the parallelogram has four sides and is considered a 2D shape. The four straight sides of a parallelogram are parallel to each other. Opposite sides of a parallelogram are equal in length, and opposite angles are equal in measure. Squares, rectangles and rhombuses are all examples of parallelograms.

### Trapezium

A trapezium (or trapezoid) is a quadrilateral shape with two parallel sides and two non-parallel sides. The parallel sides are called the bases of the trapezium, and the non-parallel sides are called the legs. Even though a trapezium has four sides, it is not a parallelogram!

### Triangle

A triangle is a two-dimensional shape that has three straight sides and three angles. The angles of a triangle always add up to 180 degrees.

### Circle

A circle is a 2D geometric shape that is round and has no straight sides. It is defined as the set of all points in a plane that are at a fixed distance (called the radius) from a single point (called the center).

### Ellipse

An ellipse is a 2D shape that is similar to a circle, but its shape is stretched out or elongated. It is defined as the set of all points in a plane whose distances from two fixed points (called the foci) add up to a constant value.

### Pentagon

A pentagon is a 2D shape that has five straight sides and five angles. The word 'pentagon' comes from the Greek words 'penta' (meaning 'five') and 'gonia' (meaning 'angle'). Each angle of a regular pentagon measures 108 degrees, and the sum of the angles in a pentagon is 540 degrees.

### Hexagon

A hexagon is a 2D shape that has six straight sides and six angles. Each angle of a hexagon measures 120 degrees, and the sum of the angles in a hexagon is 720 degrees. Snowflakes are a common example of hexagons found in nature, and so is the honeycomb!

### Rhombus

A rhombus is a 2D shape with four straight sides that are all equal in length. It is a type of parallelogram, and it has opposite angles that are equal in measure.

### Octagon

An octagon is an eight-sided 2D shape. A stop sign is an octagon that students might recognise from seeing it along the road on the way to school.

### Quadrilateral

A quadrilateral is a 2D shape with four sides and four angles. The sum of the interior angles of a quadrilateral is always 360 degrees. The following are all examples of quadrilaterals:

- Square
- Rectangle
- Parallelogram
- Trapezium
- Rhombus

## What Are Polygons?

Many of the 2D shapes that students learn about are polygons.

A polygon is a 2D shape that has three or more straight sides and angles. Polygons can have any number of sides, but they must be straight, and they must not cross each other.

The word 'polygon' comes from the Greek words 'poly' (which means 'many') and 'gonia' (which means 'angle').

Here are some common examples of polygons:

- Triangles
- Squares
- Rectangles
- Pentagons
- Hexagons
- Octagons

A circle and an ellipse are both 2D shapes, but they are not polygons. They have a curved shape, while polygons consist of a closed structure with sides.

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### 2D Shapes and 3D Objects – Worksheets

Focus on drawing 2D shapes and describing 3D objects with this set of differentiated worksheets.

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### 2D Shapes with Information – Poster

A 2D shapes poster with 16 common shapes, as well as information characterising each shape.

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### Colour by 2D Shape (Basic and Complex Shapes)

A detailed set of colour by shape activities.

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### 2D Shapes - Interactive PowerPoint Presentation

An interactive PowerPoint presentation that teaches the features of 2D shapes.

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### 2D Shape Activity Sheets

A set of nine worksheets where students demonstrate their understanding of various 2D shapes.

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### Tangram Treats – Task Cards and Templates

Explore the properties of geometric shapes with this set of scaffolded tangram shapes task cards and cut-out tangram templates.

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### 2D Symmetry Poster - Reflection and Rotational

This 2D symmetry poster explores both reflection and rotational symmetry.

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### Draw a Town with 2D Shapes

An interactive and evolving resource where students draw 2D shapes incrementally to create a town map and 3D models.

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### 2D Shapes Comparison Worksheet

A set of two 2D shape worksheets for students to record their observations whilst comparing properties of 2D shapes.

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### We're Going On a Shape Hunt! Graphing Game

Consolidate students' knowledge of 2D shapes while teaching about data collection, recording and graphing!

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### 2D Shapes and 3D Objects - Cut and Paste Worksheet

Learn the difference between 2D shapes and 3D objects with this cut-and-paste worksheet.

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### 2D Shapes and 3D Objects Vocabulary Poster

A poster that explains 2D and 3D shapes and lists associated vocabulary.

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### Interactive Maths Review – Activities for Years 5, 6 & 7

Review important maths concepts covered in years 5, 6 and 7 with a student-led interactive activity.

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### Colouring 2D Shapes Worksheet

A worksheet to consolidate students' understanding of rectangles, squares, circles and triangles.

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### 2D Shapes and 3D Objects Crossword with Solution

A crossword with clues for both 2D shapes and 3D objects.

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### 2D Shape Bingo

Engage your students while consolidate learning about 2D shapes, their names and properties with 2D Shape Bingo!

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### Regular and Irregular Polygons

A poster chart showing regular and irregular polygons.

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### 2D Shape Match

A fun match-up activity to consolidate your students’ knowledge of 2D shapes and their properties.

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### Shape Seekers PowerPoint

An interactive 162-slide PowerPoint that follows the story of a professor and their new invention that turns 2D shapes into 3D objects.

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### Shapes and Symmetry - Worksheet

Monitor and assess your students' understanding of 2D shape symmetry with this set of two worksheets.

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### Shape Playdough Mats for Fine Motor Development

A set of 6 shape playdough mats to help children develop their fine motor skills and identify different 2D shapes.

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### 2D Shapes in the Environment Cut and Sort Worksheet

Students will categorise and sort 2D shapes using this ability-levelled worksheet set.

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### Area of 2D Shapes Posters

Area of 2D Shapes - so many rules and formulas to remember!

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### Types of Triangles Poster

A poster depicting and explaining the four types of triangles.

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### Easy Origami Animals Worksheet and Step-By-Step Instructions for Kids

Make origami animals with your students with printable step-by-step instructions plus a 2D shapes worksheet for your maths lesson planning.

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### Tracing and Drawing 2D Shapes Worksheet

A simple trace and draw worksheet for 2D shapes.

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### 2D Shape Poster Set

Use this set of 16 brightly coloured 2D shapes with your geometry lessons.

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### 2D Shape and 3D Object Flashcards

Explore 2D shapes and 3D objects with this set of 20 full-page flashcards.