The proficiency strands understanding, fluency, problem-solving and reasoning are an integral part of mathematics content across the three content strands: number and algebra, measurement and geometry, and statistics and probability. The proficiencies reinforce the significance of working mathematically within the content and describe how the content is explored or developed. They provide the language to build in the developmental aspects of the learning of mathematics. The achievement standards reflect the content and encompass the proficiencies.
At this year level:
- understanding includes connecting names, numerals and quantities
- fluency includes readily counting numbers in sequences, continuing patterns and comparing the lengths of objects
- problem-solving includes using materials to model authentic problems, sorting objects, using familiar counting sequences to solve unfamiliar problems and discussing the reasonableness of the answer
- reasoning includes explaining comparisons of quantities, creating patterns and explaining processes for indirect comparison of length.
By the end of the Foundation year, students make connections between number names, numerals and quantities up to 10. They compare objects using mass, length and capacity. Students connect events and the days of the week. They explain the order and duration of events. They use appropriate language to describe location.
Students count to and from 20 and order small collections. They group objects based on common characteristics and sort shapes and objects. Students answer simple questions to collect information and make simple inferences.
Colour by 2D Shape (Basic Shapes)
A set of five colour by shape worksheets.
2D Shapes with Information – Poster
A 2D shapes poster with 16 common shapes, as well as information characterising each shape.
Dinosaur Maths - Addition & Subtraction - V2
Solve the addition and subtraction sums to colour in the dinosaur.
Numbers and Words to 20 – Worksheet Pack
Use this set of worksheets when students are practising connecting numbers to words and quantities.
Caterpillar Place Value Ordering Numbers - Worksheet
A number sequencing activity with 3 different levels of complexity.
Positioning Worksheets - BW
Three worksheets using positioning vocabulary.
Pandora's Party Palace Maths Activity – Lower Years
16 mathematics problem solving task cards involving money in a real-world context.
We're Going On a Shape Hunt! Graphing Game
Consolidate students' knowledge of 2D shapes while teaching about data collection, recording and graphing!
2D Shapes and 3D Objects - Cut and Paste Worksheet
Learn the difference between 2D shapes and 3D objects with this cut-and-paste worksheet.
Number Little Books
A set of little books with activities for each number from 1–20.
Handwriting Sheet - Days of the Week
A handwriting sheets for the days of the week.
Picture Addition Worksheet
A worksheet consolidating students' understanding of combining groups of items.
3 x Simple Dot-To-Dot Worksheets - Counting By Ones
3 fun dot-to-dot worksheets to use when learning to count by 1s.
Volume and Capacity Colouring Worksheets
A set of 6 colouring worksheets aimed at improving each student's basic understanding of volume and capacity.
How Long Does It Take? – Worksheet
A worksheet with 18 daily events that can be sorted depending on how long they take to occur.
Real-World 3D Objects - Cut and Paste Worksheet
Explore three-dimensional objects in the real world with this cut-and-paste worksheet.
Informal Measurement - Task Cards
A set of task cards to use when learning about informal measurement.
Numbers and Words 0-20 Word Search with Solution
A word search to help your students to learn the numbers and the spelling of their corresponding names.
Count and Graph – Fruity Treats
A fruit-themed hands-on activity to introduce graphing skills.
2D Shape Match
A fun match-up activity to consolidate your students’ knowledge of 2D shapes and their properties.
Penguin-Themed Desk Name Plates
Create individualised desk name plates using this editable Penguin-themed desk name plate template.
Real Life 3D Objects – Interactive PowerPoint
Explore three-dimensional objects in the real world with this engaging interactive activity.
Rainbow Numbers Worksheet
A worksheet using rainbow numbers.
Number of the Day Worksheet
A number of the day worksheet with a variety of tasks to give context and meaning to a number.
Tracing and Drawing 2D Shapes Worksheet
A simple trace and draw worksheet for 2D shapes.
Colouring 2D Shapes Worksheet
A worksheet to consolidate students' understanding of rectangles, squares, circles and triangles.
Basic Subtraction Word Problems - Worksheet
Solve subtraction word problems by drawing picture models with a printable subtraction worksheet.
Count and Graph – Under the Sea
A sea-themed hands-on activity to introduce graphing skills.
Positional Words Interactive PowerPoint
A game-like interactive PowerPoint that explores positional language.
Part-Part-Whole - Addition and Subtraction Teaching Presentation
Teach your students how to effectively use a bar model to solve 1-digit addition and subtraction number facts using the part-part-whole strategy.
How Long is This Going to Take? - Worksheet
A worksheet that explores the concept of time for students in the early years.
Colouring by Numbers - Operations
Colouring pages to be used when working with operations.